If you’re asking what the heck Aquaculture is, just know that it isn’t some mythical place full of mermaids and mermen. While the demand for fish increases, it is now possible to grow food in the open ocean all thanks to technology. Aquaculture is a method used to produce food and rebuild populations of threatened and endangered species. It’s basically farming under water!
There are two main types of aquaculture; marine and freshwater. NOAA primarily focuses on marine aquaculture, which is farming species that live in the ocean.
In the United States, marine aquaculture produces numerous species including oysters, clams, shrimp, and fish such as salmon and yellowtail. There are many ways to farm marine shellfish, including “seeding” small shellfish on the seafloor or by growing them in sinking or floating cages. Marine fish farming is typically done in net pens in the water or in tanks on land.